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Hollow Cement Block

 

  • General description
  • Advantages of hollow cement blocks
  • The raw material used to produce hollow cement blocks
  • Design of a hollow cement block
  • The hollow cement block
  • conclusion

General Description:

 A hollow cement block is a block made of concrete and it has space between its walls. This the general description of a hollow cement block. Hollow cement block has different names in different countries, some countries call them hollow concrete blocks and concrete blocks while other countries call them hollow bricks, hollow concrete bricks, even concrete bricks. It has another name called the concrete masonry unit too but it is a bit technical.

Different forms of hollow concrete blocks
different types of hollow cement blocks

 

All of them are different names of this product, but the question is why it is used in every country and why is it so popular?

Hollow cement blocks were introduced to the construction industry when buildings were becoming multi-story and needed to reduce the total weight of the building and to add durability to the walls at the same time.

Concrete hollow blocks are mainly used for their durability, low cost, high speed of construction, and eco-friendliness besides others.


 

 

Advantages Of Hollow Cement Blocks:

  • ·        Highly durable

One of the major advantages of hollow cement blocks is their high durability. It is because of their manufacturing process; they are produced with vibration and high pressure. This makes it very strong; it can withstand a high level of loading. Cement also makes it resistant to fire.

  • ·        Cost effective

One hollow cement block replaces five traditional bricks. This means you will need a smaller number of blocks and the construction speed will be much higher compared to the traditional way. It also requires less mortar because lines are fewer due to the height of the hollow cement block which is almost 3 times more than old traditional bricks.

  • ·        Speedy construction

Uniform shape and size of hollow cement blocks enables you to install them easier. It doesn’t require any special skill to work with them. Even unskilled labours can work with hollow cement blocks.

  • ·        Environment-friendly

Hollow cement blocks are environmentally friendly because for manufacturing them you don’t need heat and it means you won’t pollute the air with harmful gases, you don’t need to burn any trees or natural gas and it means less power consumption. and the last reason is because of their high insulating properties you will spend less energy to keep your interior space in the desired temperature.

  • ·        High resistance of hollow cement blocks against earthquake

It is because of their lightweight compared to other materials used in buildings. It reduces the total weight of the building and makes the building resilient to natural hazards and earthquakes.

  • ·        Comfortable interiors

Due to the thermal insulation of hollow cement block, it keeps your home cool in summer and hot in the winter season. Hollow cement blocks are also sound proof or at least it keeps the sound between its walls due to its hollow nature. This means you can have more privacy in your rooms.

hollow concrete block wall hollow concrete block indoor
Hollow cement concrete blocks outdoor use Hollow cement concrete blocks indoor use


Raw Materials Used To Produce Hollow Cement Blocks

To make concrete hollow blocks you usually need a mixture of powdered Portland cement, water, sand and gravel. In general, the concrete used for blocks has a higher percentage of sand and a lower percentage of gravel and water. It produces a dry stiff mixture so it can hold its shape after it is removed from the mould.

If granulated coal or cinders are used instead of sand and gravel to produce hollow cement blocks, the resulting block is commonly called a cinder block. This produces a dark grey block with a medium-to-coarse surface texture, good strength, good sound-deadening properties, and a higher thermal insulating value than a concrete block. But a little bit expensive compared to the normal hollow cement block.

 

aggregates used for different forms of concrete
Different kinds of aggregate used in the concrete

Design Of A Hollow Cement Block

Standards are defined for hollow cement blocks to uniform the construction of this product all over the world. The most common size of the block is referred to as a 20 by 40 by 20 block. It means the width of the block is 20cm the length of the block is 40cm and the height of it is 20cm.

There are lots of other models and sizes of hollow blocks. You can see some of them below:

 different types of hollow concrete blocks

 

The other standard sizes are as shown below:

 

Name Size
1.cement block no.10 10cm*40cm*20cm
2.cement block no.15 15cm*40cm*20cm
3.cement block no.20 20cm*40cm*20cm
4.cement block no.30 30cm*40cm*20cm

 


The manufacturing process of a hollow cement block:

Manufacturing hollow cement blocks have four major stage

  • Mixing
  • Moulding
  • Curing
  • Cubing

Mixing:

Normally, sand and gravel are stored in compartments and cement is stored in huge silos usually holding up 50 tons of cement or more. To produce the mortar needed for hollow cement blocks these materials are first delivered to weighing batches. They are weighed and added to the mixer one by one. Weighing is done in order to have the right mixture.

When 3 dry materials are delivered to the mixer its time for the mixer to start mixing them together. Water is added gradually to the mixture. Mixing longs for 7 to 8 minutes and then delivered to the machine.

 

aggregate conveyor belt hollow concrete block machine mixer
Aggregate conveyor belt Concrete mixer

 

Moulding:

This means taking the mortar to the moulds and pressing them. There are conveyor belts to do this duty and when the mortar is delivered to the hollow block machine it is automatically guided into the moulds. The hollow block machine uses vibration and hydraulic force to densify the mortar and shape them.

This usually takes place on the surface of the pallet. Optionally there is a brush that cleans the surface of the blocks after it is pressed.

There different machines with different sizes the smallest one produces 4 standard blocks in one press and it is called PRS-400.

 

 

Curing:

When the hollow cement blocks are pressed on the pallets they need to be delivered to a place to be dried out. It is called the curing section. Usually, you just need to leave them alone for a day to get dried, it is better to put them under the sun to get dried better.

There is another way too. The hollow cement blocks get dried by high temperature and pressure, this machine is called autoclave. It requires more energy and of course more cost. That’s why it is not too popular. But for special purpose hollow cement blocks these blocks can be produced with special characteristics.

 

 

Quality Control:

You should always control the weighing system and pressing system in order to have the same quality of hollow cement blocks all the time. It is important to have the same quality of hollow cement blocks or you will lose your customer in future. So, the pressure of the pressing system and the ratio of the raw materials in the mortar should be the same to keep the same quality in your product. Low-quality hollow cement blocks are not used in developed countries due to their low insulation and durability.

In future, these blocks will be cheaper and better due to the developing of the technology and as a result, the buildings will be more durable and energy sufficient as well as having a lighter weight. Scientists are looking for better materials, better systems and better machinery to produce the new generation of hollow cement blocks.


 

Conclusion

If you want to build a house and you don’t know what is the best choice for you, you can study more about hollow concrete blocks and other products as well, but with the characteristics explained above you will find hollow cement blocks as the best choice for your building.

The price of hollow cement block differs from one country to another but generally speaking, it is cheaper than the other materials used for the same purpose

 

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BESS which has been an organization of Beyazlı Group has begun the commercial activities as manufacturing Hollow Block Machines, Concrete Plants, Moulding Industry since 2007. It is a leader of industry sector which aims to grow rapidly with the experienced and expert staff......

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